Project Name– Toward Health and Dignity” – Improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Sehore District in Madhya Pradesh
Project Supported by– Water Aid and MPTAST
Project Duration– October 2013 to August 2015
Project Location– Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh
In Madhya Pradesh, 87% of rural population lack access to safe sanitation, which reflects severely off-track progress towards the sanitation MDG target (Census 2011). Most of the state’s population of over 72 million people practise open defecation. Open defecation can lead to faecal contamination of water supplies, which can cause chronic diarrhoea which is a major cause of poor health and nutrition indicators in the state. There is an urgent need for behavioural change to raise community awareness of the risks of open defecation and benefits of safe sanitation for health, dignity and the environment.
Government of Madhya Pradesh launched a state wide ‘Maryada’ sanitation campaign in 2012. Maryada aims to promote and incentivise safe sanitation by highlighting and enhancing the dignity of women in rural areas. This state-level programme complements other national WASH promotion programmes such as the National Rural Drinking Water programme (NRDWP) and Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA). Through these schemes, communities can access government funding for WASH services. The Government of India’s drinking water security and sanitation guidelines now emphasise devolution of ownership, operation and management of local water and sanitation provision to Gram Panchayats (GPs). These provide an environment conducive to institutional reform and community-led action.
Increased access to sustainable water and sanitation services for the rural poor in Sehore District of Madhya Pradesh.
# Programme Approach
1. Sustainability through Local Capacity
WaterAid’s proposed intervention aims to adopt a clear shift from building infrastructure towards promoting skills, systems and sustainable services with attention on safe, equitable, inclusive and sustainable access to water supply, sanitation services and improved hygiene behaviours. There will be no project-funded subsidies or hardware interventions, as the focus will be on empowering citizens to access and leverage existing government support schemes and funds, and building the capacity of the government and reducing current ‘bottlenecks’.
2. Community Led
‘Trigger’ communities to raise awareness of the risks of open defecation and practical steps that communities can take to ensure that every household has access to a safe sanitation service. Natural community leaders (‘Sanitation Champions’) will be identified at village level who can lead community mobilisation. The emphasis will be on a community-wide transformational change focussing on behaviour change
Ensure that WASH is integrated planning is convergent in key sectors such as health and nutrition, strengthening district level coordination mechanisms between key teams of the Health and Family Welfare, WCD, PHED and PR&RD to promote collective action.
4. “Nirmal Sehore”
Promoting total access to Water and Sanitation in the district, making the district Nirmal District. Focus will be to mobilise communities, generate demands for WASH services particularly sanitation and strengthen supply chain and delivery mechanisms by working with concerned official s at all levels. In Sehore district, the entire district (five blocks) will be targeted with a saturation approach. All five blocks will be targeted with the saturation mode. Saturation means:
- 100% of GPs within a block will be reached through participatory, community-led sanitation and hygiene messages.
- All households in all villages will be mobilised to construct or rehabilitate, and regularly use latrines. Focus will be on achieving 100% coverage and usage of safe sanitation.
- Intensive hygiene education will focus on hand washing and handling of child faeces.
- This is expected to result in Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages, ODF GPs, ODF blocks and possibly ODF districts.
Key Achievements- (till March 2015)
- 174 habitations have received safe drinking water facilities during the period.
- 6032 household toilets have been built in which 100 damage toilets have been repaired.
- In the field of Water Sanitation and Hygiene communication processes are in progress. 2000 individuals have been trained during the period which includes frontline workers, Swachhata Doots, PRI and VHSCs.
- 626 WASH accesses have been created in schools, Anganwadi centres and Gram Arogya Kendra.
- 68 VWHSC have been activated.
- 240026 people received hygiene education.
- 66 CLTS activities have been done.
- 1000 community groups trained (SHG/ CBO groups) in WASH
- Global Hand Washing Day, Women Day, Water Week are the major activities that have been performed successfully.
- Better coordination with administration has been built up due to which regular representation of WASH programme in DWSC meeting has been established and 4 Swachhata Sammelan, one each in all the blocks have been done by the government with close coordination with Samarthan.