Promoting Rights of the Socially and Economically Deprived Migrant Workers and Strengthening Urban Governance for the Poor in Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is one of the few states where migration is significantly high within the districts and within rural areas. A large number of migrants also move out to urban settings for better employment and wage opportunities. Over the years, the larger cities of the state like Bhopal and Indore have become major destinations for rural migrants both from within and outside Madhya Pradesh. Thus the state is faced with a unique challenge of addressing not only the issues that push its rural people to migrate to other areas for work but also focus on the rights and well being of the migrants who reach its larger cities in the hope for a better life.
It is in the context that the Promoting Rights of the Socially and Economically Deprived Migrant Workers and Strengthening Urban Governance for the Poor in Madhya Pradesh project undertaken by Samarthan assumes importance. Samarthan envisages pursuing its interventions to strengthen urban governance and supporting migrants as one of the major strategy to influence urban governance. The migrants provides a strong rural-urban connect for Samarthan’s comprehensive work on the issues of decentralised planning.
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The project proposes to make an impact in three key result areas:
Result Area 1: Expansion of the support to migrants in selected districts of Madhya Pradesh
Result Area 2: Skill Enhancement of the migrant workers for imporving their livelihood opportunities and working conditions
Result Area 3: Strengthening community structure of the poor in urban slums for pro-poor governance.
The project seeks to address migration and its related issues and challenges within the governance framework. The project acknowledges that the local governance bodies are important stakeholders in ensuring the elimination of distress migration and promoting safe migratory practices in all other cases. It is with this rationale that Panchayats are identified as a key partners in our work at the rural areas which most often become the source of migrants and ULBs play a key role in deepening our work in the large cities where migrants form the bloodline of development in many ways.
The following are the specific interventions of the project
- Engagement with Panchayats for realization of rights/entitlements of migrants
- Developing a database through migration survey as a long term strategy
- Registration of migrant workers and establishing migrant resource centres
- Supporting distress migrants to avail employment opportunities in their villages and other social security benefits
- Promote safe migratory practices and facilitate favourable conditions for migrants
- Skill enhancement of the migrant workers for improving their livelihood opportunities and working conditions
- Strengthening community structure of the poor in urban slums for pro poor-urban governance.
Migration Resource Centres
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- Bhopal : Focus Destination Spot
- Panna and Chindwara: Focus Source Spot
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- Registration and Issuance of Photo ID card
- Sensitization of Panchayat to mainitain Migration Register in the selected villages. [EXPAND Read More…]The Migration Project strongly believes that the local elected bodies are important stakeholders in reducing distress migration among poor and also to promote safe migratory practices. It is with this understanding that we initiated a best practice model at selected villages in our focus districts namely Panna and Chindwaara, through which we work closely with the Village Sarpanch and Secretary and motivated them to maintain a list of households and families that migrate from their villages to cities and towns in search of work. With equal support and commitment from our team and the Sarpanch/Secretary, 6 villages in Panna have begun to maintain and update the ‘Migration Register’. Our team conducts weekly visits to the Panchayat Office and provides support to the Office in maintaining and updating the register. Through our experience we have found that these registers have helped in the following:
- Identify families that are victims of distress migration and link them to employment generation schemes like NREGS and Mukhyamantri Rojgaar Yojna in order to avoid migration in distress
- Promoting safe migratory practices like maintaining a record of the top destination areas, list of middlemen through who the migrants are taken for work, contact details of the hiring agency.
- Supporting the families of the migrants to access social security and other entitlements
- Data base of migration related statistcs at the village level which could help in creating the village plan
As a part of strengthening this important initiative, sensitization workshops are conducted with the Sarpanch and Secretaries. These workshops have become platforms for horizontal learning in which the best practices and successful implementation of the model motivates the other village leaders. We also try and understand the issues faced by them in implementing the model and attempt to resolve them.
- Skill development Training and Placement Cell
- Employment Exchange Cell
- Legal Cell
- Health Camps
- Access to financial Services and social Security
- Workers’ Collectivisation
- Self Help Groups in Urban Slums
- Ensuring safe working conditions for migrant workers and families
- Access to migrant rights and entitlements